The dangerous interaction between COVID-19 and type 2 diabetes

“Observational data indicate that patients with diabetes are at greater risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, severe illness and death from COVID-19 than patients without diabetes” Advances in Motion  Mayo, 2020.

Type 2 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of serious complications or death if you get CORONAVIRUS. Observational data indicate that patients with diabetes are at greater risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection, serious illness and death from COVID-19 than patients without diabetes. Preventing type 2 diabetes and controlling hyperglycemia helps to avoid the fatal consequences of coronavirus. The death rate in patients with COVID-19 who have hyperglycemia is 7 times higher. It is possible to act against the dramatic consequences of the interaction between these two pandemics: COVID-19 and type 2 diabetes.

A bidirectional relationship

Relevant recently published studies in China, Italy and the United States conclude that the prevalence of diabetes in patients with COVID-19 was higher than in the general population.

On the one hand, diabetes is associated with an increased risk of very severe COVID-19, on the other hand, COVID-19 can trigger diabetes and the serious metabolic complications of pre-existing diabetes, and can lead to type 2 diabetes in people with a genetic predisposition to diabetes.

The three main approaches that can be used to try to break the link between diabetes and the severity of COVID-19 are: maintaining normoglycaemia and avoiding glycaemic peaks in patients with type 2 diabetes, preventing diabetes in pre-diabetic patients, and assessing the risk of diabetes and the prevention of diabetes in asymptomatic individuals at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.