Non-packaged foods, that is, those supplied in establishments that serve meals (bars, restaurants, canteens, etc.), which are supplied to other establishments (nursing homes, hospitals, schools, etc.), that are sold by weight or in bulk (vegetables, vegetables, etc.), products that are packaged at the request of the consumer (cold meats, fish, etc.), or are packaged by the holders of the retail trade for immediate sale in the establishment or establishments of their property; Have to include mandatory information different from the packaged products, and can use labels, posters or any other means, including modern technological tools, and, importantly, verbal communication. In any case, such mandatory information must include, without a doubt, the presence of substances that cause allergies or intolerances. In addition, and in each of the different considered cases:
- Non-packaged food supplied by communities: restaurants, canteens, hospitals … the mandatory information is related to the ingredients susceptible to cause food allergies or intolerances.
- Unpackaged or packaged foods at the point of sale at the request of the buyer: must inform the name of the food, quantity of ingredients and alcoholic strength in beverages with a graduation of more than 1.2%. In some cases, it may be mandatory to provide other data.
- Food packaged by retailers for immediate sale: must carry the same information as packaged products, except for nutritional information, that is the name of the food, ingredients, substances causing allergies and intolerances, net quantity, country of origin, and in some circumstances, date of preferential consumption or expiration date, special storage conditions, operator data …
- Food packaged in bags: in the case of fruits, vegetables, tubers or nuts packed in bags or with containers that allow a clear appreciation of the food with the naked eye, they must report only the name of the food, net quantity and food company.
A separate mention deserves the question of the information offered to the consumer in food purchased “at a distance”, many times through the internet. In these cases, the mandatory information must always be identifiable according to each modality (except the country of origin, or place of origin) and be available before the purchase is completed without additional costs. All information will accompany the food at the time of delivery. Allergen information must always be provided prior to the purchase, and will accompany the food in writing at the time of delivery.