Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes which develops during pregnancy. Normally this type of diabetes does not have any symptoms, so all pregnant women get the O’Sullivan Test (“the sugar test”) between weeks 24 and 28 of pregnancy to identify their risk of having gestational diabetes.
Should the test result positive, a second test is carried out, the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), or glucose curve. A diagnostic which does not mean they had diabetes before pregnancy or that they are going to have diabetes after giving birth.
If two or more values appear equal to or greater than the limit values for glucose levels in blood the woman is considered to suffer from gestational diabetes, which must be controlled.. Depending on the results of the test the doctor will prescribe a treatment with diet and oral medication or with diet and insulin.