Obesity and diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is closely connected to excess weight and obesity.
The maintenance of an appropriate body weight is a key factor in avoiding or slowing down the development of diabetes.

Controlling excess fat located in the abdominal area is especially important because it can increase the probability of suffering future diseases such as diabetes and other metabolic alterations.

When a person is overweight or obese their body needs more insulin to carry glucose to the cells in their fat tissue. Obesity can also generate resistance to insulin, a phenomenon which means that cells do not respond to insulin and glucose cannot enter into them.

What you it turns into energy for your body. Carbohydrates or sugars in food pass directly to the bloodstream, increasing the levels of glucose in the blood. To lower these levels, the pancreas secretes insulin, a hormone which mediates the entry of glucose into cells, where it is used to generate energy.

Carbohydrates:

  • Sugars

  • Starches

There are two kinds of carbohydrates, sugars and starches:

Sugars:

Glucose and fructose included in fruits, fruit juices, milk, yoghurt, sweets, sugary drinks, chocolate and pastries.