What is diabetes or diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterised by the high level of glucose in the blood stream resulting from defects in the capacity of the body to produce or use insulin.
Insulin helps glucose enter into the cells, where it is used to generate energy.
When glucose accumulates in the blood instead of entering the cells, it can produce complications.
Insulin is prescribed to many people with diabetes, whether because their body does not produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or because it does not use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes).